The Life and Accomplishments of Explorer Henry Hudson

The Life and Accomplishments of Explorer Henry Hudson

The life and accomplishments of the English explorer Henry Hudson.

Henry Hudson was an Englishman by birth. We know very little of his early days. It is believed that he was the grandson of an alderman or council member and that he co-founded the Muscovy Company. He made his way up from being a mere cabin boy to become the captain of the ship.

In 1607, the Muscovy Company authorized him to find a northeastern sea route to the China. Though Hudson failed to do so, he is believed by some to have discovered the Jan Mayen Island in Norway. In1609, the Dutch East India Company selected Hudson with the same objective. He was specifically briefed to sail around the Arctic Ocean, into the pacific and reach the East. However, this time too he was unsuccessful because of the thick ice. Therefore, he decided to try reaching the East by a southwest passage through North America.

Hudson set sail in his ship the Half Moon and crossed the Atlantic Ocean. He explored the Chesapeake and Delaware bays and became convinced that these would were unlikely to show him the way to Pacific Ocean. Then, the Half Moon sailed to the mouth of the Hudson River. Hudson explored the region intensively. Based on his explorations, the Dutch could claim the territories to themselves. The region came to be known as New Amsterdam. In October of the year, just as it approached Manhattan, native Indians attacked the Half Moon. The attackers had to be repulsed and many natives were killed in the process. Soon after, the Half Moon began her journey back to Europe. The ship anchored at Dartmouth, Devonshire in England on November 7.Here, Hudson and his English crew was detained while the rest were allowed to complete the journey to Holland.

In 1610, Hudson made what was to be his last voyage. He was backed financially in this venture by two British companies, the British East India Company and the Virginia Company. As the Captain of the new ship the Discovery, he reached Iceland, sailed around the southern tip of Greenland and was confident that he was going to discover the much sought after North West Passage. On August 2, the ship reached Hudson Bay. Here, Hudson explored and mapped the shores. Soon the winter set in and the ship was trapped in ice. The crew shifted to the shores. When spring came, Hudson was keen on continuing the voyage, but some of his crew wanted to sail home and staged a mutiny. They put Hudson and his young son and seven of Hudson’s supporters in a small boat and set it adrift. Without any food, water or arms they were sure to die.

Mystery shrouds Hudson’s death. He was never seen again. It is held that he did survive for some time but died in1611. Only a few of the mutineers reached Europe. They were allowed to go free, presumably because they had plenty of precious information about the new continent.

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the person who is commenting, posted this comment on Jan 14th, 2010

It is true, it would be very nice if this website had the accomplishments of Henry Hudson, in a section where it would be easy to find. But it does have some very good information, it would just be easier to read if it was better organized.

keili, posted this comment on Jan 20th, 2010

Interesting Facts and Details:

Hudson was born and raised in England and his birth date is unknown.
He started sailing as a cabin boy at age sixteen. After seven years Hudson was promoted to the position of apprentice. By 1607, Hudson had become an experienced sailor.
Hudson founded the Hudson River in 1609.
Hudson sailed into the Hudson Bay in 1609.
Hudson had two ships, The Hopewell and The Half Moon

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